Brexit - Britains most controversial vote

FeaturedImage_Brexit_5.jpg

Brexit, as I am sure you already know, is a portmanteau of Britain and Exit. It was fist considered openly by ex Priminister David Cameron, but now is under the command of Priminister Teresa May along with the Parliment. In the post, I will be exploring the history of Brexit and the ongoing deals.

The Vote

In mid February, David Cameron declared that Britain would be holding a referendum to decide whether Britain would stay in the EU, which stands for the European Union and is a joining (like the UK) of countries. Within these countries, people can cross borders without having to worry about passports. It also extends into trade, where countries do not have to pay to sell goods in other countries in the EU. To keep these privilages, Britain must pay £19b but if you consider how much money Britain gets back, they are only paying £13b and they don't have to worry about borders. This is equal to around £90 per person. Do you think this is too much money, even for its perks? This is why the referendum started, people thought £13b of tax money is too much to spend on a union. David Cameron even went as far to say that if Britain decides to leave, he will abdicate as priminister.

After ther referendum, the vote had turned out as 17,410,742 (51.89% of valid votes) to 16,141,241 (48.11% of valid votes), with leave winning. One of the many surprising things of the referendum is that 28% of people (roughly 700,000 Brits) did not vote at all- this number, along with the number of 0.08% of invalid votes (25,359 votes) totalled to 725,000 votes, which would have given the staying side a major boost, but still about 600,000 votes bellow the leaving side. The highest percentage of leaving votes came from areas around Peterborough, while the lowest from Sctoland and Northen Ireland. London was one of the highest staying votes with 80-100 % voting to stay (this paragraph's information was supllied by https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Results_of_the_2016_United_Kingdom_European_Union_membership_referendum).

True to his promise (or maybe it was a threat...) David Cameron abdicated as priminister and so Theresa May was brung into presidency to declare the rest of the decisions. This vote is a referendum, meaning that all eligible British citiznes vote. What do you think would have been more effective, a referendum or a closed vote?

Tough Deals and Decisions

After the unexpected turnout of Brexit, many protested and asked for a second vote, but Theresa May had to carry on with deals. these deals included:

  • Borders between the Republic of Ireland and Northen Ireland
  • British people living in Europe and vice versa
  • Cost of trade (except, oddly, fishing)
  • The Euro Star (a train that connects Britain to mainland Europe)

(Information from https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-46212838+&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk)

Theresa May has gone through many deals, each one getting worse, so worse that a member of Parliment said we should just except the next deal because they are just going to get worse. Should we be thinking on the same lines as them?

The deals as they stand are that:

  • Borders between the Republic of Ireland and Northen Ireland will 'until further relationship becomes applicable' have a 'single customs territory between the Union and Britain', which in layman's terms means that the countries will have borders which you can still trade freely through, you can still pass through the borders. It is like a border that is like the EU's borders (https://www.nciprojects.org/project/single-customs-territory).
  • British people living in Europe and vice versa will be able to continue living in Europe/Britain until the end of the transition period, which, as it stands, is December 2020. After this, however, if a resident wants to continue livng in Europe/Britain, they will have to apply for a visa (https://www.euronews.com/2018/11/15/brexit-draft-agreement-what-uk-citizens-living-in-the-eu-need-to-know-euronews-answers).
  • Britain can apply for a 'Free Trade Arrangement' as this heavily benefits both Britain and Europe in their vast economies. This is because Britains biggest imports (meaning that it is bought) are from European countries and although its biggest export (selling) is the USA, after that, they are Germany, France and Belgium, which are all in the top 10 biggest contributers to the EU. (https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2012/nov/22/eu-budget-spending-contributions-european-union, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/what-would-brexit-mean-for-british-trade/)
  • The Eurostar's fate is currently being decided, however, officials have warned that a No-Deal Brexit Deal (exactly what it says it is) could lead to severe distruptions, cancelling and even the shutting down of the Channel Tunnel (which connects Britain and France). This would be a major detremental effect of Brexit to the economy as the Eurostar is one of the highest earning British-European companies (https://www.railway-technology.com/features/eurostar-after-brexit/)

This is the opposite of a referendum as the public does not get a say in it.

Brexit deals are still coming and going, so by the time you read this, almost all the deals could have altered. At this moment, 01/03/2019 22:42, all deals are correct.

All websites that have given information for this post are in italics strait after the paragraph, or in some cases, the sentence. Here is a list:

Amount of votes, valid and invalid per sector and overall:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Results_of_the_2016_United_Kingdom_European_Union_membership_referendum

What deals are taking place:

  • https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-46212838+&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk

Borders between the Republic of Ireland and Northen Ireland:

  • https://www.nciprojects.org/project/single-customs-territory

British citizens in Europe and vice versa:

  • https://www.euronews.com/2018/11/15/brexit-draft-agreement-what-uk-citizens-living-in-the-eu-need-to-know-euronews-answers

Spending and export/import from and to the EU:

  • https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2012/nov/22/eu-budget-spending-contributions-european-union, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/0/what-would-brexit-mean-for-british-trade/

What will happen to the Eurostar:

  • https://www.railway-technology.com/features/eurostar-after-brexit/

As you may or may not have noticed, there are questions in bold across the post, these are questions that I would like answering in the comments.

Comments (4)

  • Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC 04 Mar 2019

    Excellent questions asked! I hope other people answer them to give their opinions. Well done.

    Reply to this comment
  • Birchwood-logo-250x250.jpg entertaining_strawberry
    Birchwood C of E Primary School 08 Mar 2019

    Thank you for posting this for myself and others who don’t have as much knowledge of Brexit. In reply to your question (what do you think would be better, a referendum or a clised vote) Amy first opinion was a closed vote.

    I thought this because so many UK citizens don’t like the sound of Brexit. Most of my classmates are mad at the decision, due to terrible consequences. As you have already informed, the UK is part of a group-the EU formally known as European Union. At this moment, as we are in it, we don’t have as much hassle going abroud to different places. We can also free trade. If the priminister follows her idea of leaving, the UK will have a very difficult time. For a while I was stuck with this opinion, but then I used my open mindedness; and thought about the other side or view.

    If we all went along with my one opinion, it wouldn’t be fair for those who wanted a say. Yes, I do not want Brexit, but all the people who do won’t have the fair say. To emphasis this point, as we did in burnet news live, imagine if you had a favourite food, but you weren’t aloud that food because of your name, or gender, or even your height! That wouldn’t be fair, would it? This is how some people will feel if we closed the vote.

    Then I thought of a different idea; what if we had another vote, since the results were so close to each other. That way, the people who didn’t vote the first time will vote, because they know what will happen, and everyone else can still have their say!

    Hopefully you enjoyed and understood my points , maybe they’ll change as we go along!

    Reply to this comment
  • Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC 08 Mar 2019 in reply to entertaining_strawberry's comment

    Well done for showing great open-mindedness!

    Reply to this comment
  • Highdown-logo-250x250.jpg alert_walrus
    Highdown School 12 Mar 2019

    You have gone into great detail on the fact of brexit that I wasn’t very aware of. I believe that it wasn’t the most controversial ever vote because there were months of campaigning for it and everyone had the oppurtinity to learn about it however some took the opportunity not to

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