Going into detail... Part 1: Are criminals born or made?

FeaturedImage_Crime_5.jpg

In the Burnet news club, we have been given some very interesting questions that i was intrigued about. Some of the questions I will be covering today will involve: Are criminals born or made? Is there victimless crimes? Why is knife crime increasing? And lastly, why would a young person decide to join a gang? These questions made me wonder if i could get the correct answer, so today i will be gathering some evidence to support my opinion.

Today, we will be discussing whether criminals are born or made?

Firstly, what is a criminal? There are many debates as to what a criminal is however the definition of a criminal is: someone who breaks the law by commiting illegal activity. (Crime such as murder, theft etc.)

To begin with, we shall be talking about if criminals are born or made. If criminals are born then that means that they were destined to become a criminal or showed signs of unusual behaviour and if they were made into criminals, that takes into account everything that made them that way, (For example, their parents or the people that may have had an impact in their life.) In order to become a criminal, some people may argue that someone or a handful of people may have to have some sort of authority on you, in order to change the way you think or act. A psychologist once stated that, if you have access to people who may endanger you or shape you in certain ways, then that can impact you the most. Some people believe that it is related to your genes and your family history, but in my opinion some people may be changed based on what they see or hear but some may have a mind of their own.

You can inherit inferior genes from your biological parents. Some people who believe in Charles Darwin's theory of evolution suggests that as we have evolved, we carry positive and negitives eugenics. These may have an impact as we get older, we are constantly creating who we are and what our personality is. We may carry these eugenics as we recieve impacts both socially and biologically. An article from the BBC news states that, ''-that part of the reason may be childhood abuse'' such as early abuse, ''which can create killers by damaging a physical part of the brain.'' This made me think, What if the people who influence them can cause permanent damage to their brain? If, for example, someone's parents were putting too much pressure on them and they took that throughout their life it may increase their chances of becoming something bad. (Or making bad choices?) At this moment, i am starting to question if this is actually true. Some people might be physically damaged so they try to make better choices so in some cases this may not actually be true. However, this is correct in some cases as i have seen multiple studies that relate to this topic. Therefore, in most cases this is true however some people may have completely different stories.

Next, we shall be discussing if it is in their nature to become criminals. I have researched if some people are born as criminals and most say it depends on the person. Now, if it depends on the person, how would you know if someone was a criminal? You would have to look at their family history to decide if someone may have the potential to become a criminal. This question is quite tricky to answer as you cannot be judgemental based on someone else's origin. This relates back to if their family's genes may have an impact on them. Critics argue that, people may just become criminals with no reason for doing so. So some may assume that they were naturally psychotic. There are many reasons, altogether, as to why a person may decide to pursue the lifestyle of a criminal but it is mainly undecided. Although, there is still biological components to consider, i personally would not know, just by looking at someone, whether they were going to become a criminal or not. In my opinion, it is one of those things that you cannot automatically make an assumption about.

There are, furthermore, many reasons to why a person becomes a criminal. Amongst other things, every person has their own mental health and some people even have illnesses- which i shall mention later in this text. Mental health is very important as to maintain a good mental health you need a mixture of being able to talk about your feelings and what you are thinking. A few people believe that if your mental health is bad, things may not turn out as good as you think.

Tim newburn has created a textbook, defining the factors of criminology. He suggests that there are many biological ways to study whether someone is naturally a criminal or is surrounded by a negitive enviroment and is shaped by what they see. One of the biologicial testings are to do with twins. The study suggests that the twins have the same genes (given by both parents) but are seperated into different lifestyles so they can test if it is their surroundings or something within the family. If it based on genetics, they both should have similar offending patterns but if it is inherented, it should be different. Another way to test biological patterns is adoption. Some people/children may become criminals earlier on if they do not have their biological parents. Each parent has their own way of teaching their children and this may impact some. The testing involves comparing someone's offending history who has been adopted compared with someone with biological parents.

A study has shown that parents with a criminal record who decide to adopt has a higher percentage than biological parents who have a criminal record. (Exact results: Adoptive parents-24.3% and biological parents- 14.7%.) Nevertheless, some people have bad habit which then may reflect on their children. Furthermore, others may have a illness such as brain dyfunction or ADHD which causes them to act in a certain way. ADHD, in particular, causes you to act relentlessly without considering the consequences. Now, this might impact sufferers by doing something that they cannot control. Children in specific may find it hard to concentrate or even process what is going on around them. This made me wonder, if they cannot help it, are the ones to blame? Overall, the problems that they go through eventually lead to aggression and violence. Problems to do with attention also came from low intelligence men and woman whose parents had a criminal record. Brain dyfunction is the case where the tissue in the brain is damaged due to some sort of physical or emotional activity. So, people do infact get impacted by their surroundings.

Now, this may sound like an unusual point but nutrition has been proved to be one of the many biological studies of criminology. Things such as low blood sugar and low values of vitamins have been correlated to behavioral problems. Lastly, the central nervous system has been connected to biological criminology and is another abnormality within the brain.

To conclude, all of these points connect toward whether criminals are born or made however most of it is due to biological components. I would like to thank everyone for reading this, and i would love to hear your viewpoints in the comments!

The websites i have used are https://www.medicaldaily.com/are-criminal-minds-born-or-made-bbc-documentary-explores-psychology-cold-blooded-324990, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-31714853, Criminology book by Tim Newburn and https://www.bartleby.com/essay/Are-Criminals-Born-or-Made-FK9724YTC.

Comments (37)

  • Tiff-Avatar.jpg Tiff @ the BNC
    16 Jan 2019

    Hi powerful_robin,

    You've clearly put a lot of time and research into your post, well done for being curious and trying to explore both sides of the argument here.

    The term 'eugenics' has a controversial history and was largely dismissed after WW2. You can read about it here:
    https://www.britannica.com/science/eugenics-genetics

    Do you think if there is a medical reason for someone acting a bad way, then they should be treated differently?

    Reply to this comment
    1. Ormiston-Park-logo-250x250.jpg powerful_robin | Ormiston Park Academy
      Tiff @ the BNC's comment 21 Jan 2019

      To start with, thank you very much for your feedback and I enjoyed reading about the eugenics link that you gave me. Now, I do believe that if there was a medical reason for someone acting in a bad way that they should perhaps be treated a different way if they committed a crime. It, overall, is an unusual question to answer as there are so many things you must consider and most importantly, despite their condition they still did not abide by the law. Now, if the person in question cannot help the way that they feel, and they have no control over it perhaps they should be treated in a different way. If it is down to their mental health and their own genes, then that should be taken into consideration at court. Everyone should be treated equally but, in some cases, you must look at the different pieces of information that you have been given. For example, if someone committed a crime (such as theft) and they had a medical condition, but another person committed the same crime but did not have a medical condition, you would have to hear both sides of what happened and then make your assumption based on what made them do it. To conclude, you must contemplate whether the reason had an impact on what they done.

      Reply to this comment
  • St-Barnabas-logo-250x250.jpg placid_orca | St Barnabas C of E Primary School
    16 Jan 2019

    Criminals are made because when you are a baby you do not understand much but when you grow up you will learn more if you see crime you will know how to make crime because you will see them do it so you can do it

    Reply to this comment
  • St-Barnabas-logo-250x250.jpg friendly_eel | St Barnabas C of E Primary School
    16 Jan 2019

    I think that criminal s are made because when you are born you don't know what your doing so you learn how to make your actions and decisions .allso you can learn by friends and family making the wrong actions.

    Reply to this comment
  • St-Barnabas-logo-250x250.jpg nice_fly | St Barnabas C of E Primary School
    16 Jan 2019

    I think that criminals are made.
    I think that criminals are made, unless maybe your family are criminals so you would be one. But I think most of the time, criminals are made. Because you would be threatened or forced to become one, but of course there are many more different ways of becoming a criminal . I really don't want to become a criminal.☺

    Reply to this comment
    1. Crampton-logo-250x250.jpg encouraging_road | Crampton Primary School
      nice_fly's comment 16 Jan 2019

      Yes, i do think that criminals are made because i think that when you are a baby you have not any idea on what the world is and that means they must be made. There is a thery that you inherit crimalaty but i do not think thats true, i think experinces make you who you are.

      Reply to this comment
    2. Phoenix-logo-250x250.jpg hardworking_philosophy | Phoenix Primary School
      nice_fly's comment 22 Jan 2019

      I also think criminals are made because it's not possible to have criminal in your dna and also someone probally just want to have a little more action in their life or they are just bored

      Reply to this comment
  • Birchwood-logo-250x250.jpg smart_parrot | Birchwood C of E Primary School
    16 Jan 2019

    sometimes criminals can be born or made I think this because criminals copy of other people who do it.crimanals sometimes make other people join aswell as thereself.

    Reply to this comment
    1. Highdown-logo-250x250.jpg easygoing_rabbit | Highdown School
      smart_parrot's comment 22 Jan 2019

      I thoroughly agree. I always used to think that for sure criminals are made however I have come to the conclusion that, this is not actually how it works. How I have managed to figure this out is because I have realized that many children may have a bad upbringing in the fact that they are shown that stealing and, crime in general is a normal and that there is no problem in committing crime it may be a way of life in a child's view if they were born into that type of lifestyle. However, there is no doubt that a child might decide to turn away from the life of crime that they were born into. A child can also be made to turn into a criminal due to things such as peer pressure and perhaps keeping a cool image in front of friends.

      Reply to this comment
  • Highdown-logo-250x250.jpg alert_walrus | Highdown School
    16 Jan 2019

    Hi powerful robin,
    I think your'e post was really insightful on this topic. Well done.
    I personally believe that criminals are made as everyone has a choice. Yes some might choose the wrong path but I like to believe most people would pick the right path. However if given the choice right in front of them I belive most people, especially young adults would choose to abide by the law and be regular citizens. But you have to wonder are there more reasons to why they are criminals. Is it phsycological or is it a role model that have chosen the wrong path. Don't judge a book by there cover. Everyone has done something wrong before it's just that we must tackle crime at a young age.

    just something to think about.

    Reply to this comment
    1. Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC
      alert_walrus's comment 17 Jan 2019

      Excellent reasoning, and well done for responding to another BNC member!

      Reply to this comment
  • The-Ruth-Gorse-logo-250x250.jpg affable_weaver | The Ruth Gorse Academy
    17 Jan 2019

    I think that criminals are made because unless you have a mental disorder, you can speak for yourself and make your own disicions

    Reply to this comment
  • The-Ruth-Gorse-logo-250x250.jpg balanced_singer | The Ruth Gorse Academy
    17 Jan 2019

    Criminals could be made because knife crime comes up on the media, so people could have an influence from it. This may only happen if that person has the wrong mind set. Potentially, that person might go and commit a crime and therefore become a criminal. Criminals could also be made depending on the way they were raised.

    However, I also agree that criminals could be born because of mental health.

    Overall I think that criminals are made.

    Reply to this comment
  • Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg jubilant_poem | Boutcher C of E Primary School
    19 Jan 2019

    I think that criminals are made because they might be led onto the wrong path and because of their past. Criminals might be led onto the wrong path because of their friends and family might be in gangs and they don't realised what they are actually doing so they just want to be accepted or feel safe.
    Young teenagers and some children might grow up to become criminals because they hear about the world and all the crime and join gangs to feel safe but end up killing or being killed.
    others may feel like outcasts to their friends and siblings so they might become criminals so they feel like they are finally important and "cool".

    Reply to this comment
  • Cowes-logo-250x250.jpg astounding_currant | Cowes Enterprise College
    19 Jan 2019

    Hi powerful Robin,
    Your post based on the question 'are criminals born or made?' was amazing and really well written I think you must have put so much time and effort into it. Yes, I agree that criminals are made because even though some of them are born into a family of criminals, it doesn't mean at that at that point the baby is a criminal . Criminal- some one who commits a crime. At that point the baby couldn't have done that! I believe that a criminal is made by the impacts in their life along the way like deaths of loved ones, divorces, blackmail,anger or bad choices. Inside all criminal have a personal reason to commit a crime a few great examples are: black mail, stress, stolen objects or loved family members or friends. I don't think that criminals can be born into a life of crime because of there mental health issue because if you try hard enough you can prevent things from happening but I am keeping open- minded so maybe criminals could be born into a life of crime because of a mental health issue. Over all I think that criminals are made.By the way does anyone know if a violent crime has happened near them recently?
    Yours faithfully
    astounding_currant

    Reply to this comment
    1. Olivia-Avatar.jpg Olivia @ the BNC
      astounding_currant's comment 21 Jan 2019

      Good use of reasoning, well done!

      Reply to this comment
  • New-Horizons-logo-250x250.jpg digital_brain | New Horizons Children's Academy
    21 Jan 2019

    Hi, powerful_robin I can see how much effort you have put in to this piece of work, you have clearly used a vast amount of research here.
    I admire the the quality of your post, you have answered the incredible expanse of my questions about this issue, thank you!

    Reply to this comment
  • John-Ruskin-logo-250x250.jpg remarkable_painting | John Ruskin
    21 Jan 2019

    I think criminals are made because you can't just tell that a newborn baby is going to be a criminal when they grow up. They are made because maybe they lived in an area where crime happened often or their parents/siblings were criminals and set a bad example for them.

    Reply to this comment
  • Boutcher-logo-250x250.jpg phenomenal_clementine | Boutcher C of E Primary School
    21 Jan 2019

    I think criminals are made because when a baby is born they have a calm soul and they are humble. So what I am trying to say is for someone to be born a criminal is impossible in my opinion and if someone are a criminal it probably means they grew up in a bad neighbour hood or they were raised in a bad place or they were raised by bad people

    Reply to this comment
  • John-Ruskin-logo-250x250.jpg bustling_mango | John Ruskin
    21 Jan 2019

    Hi powerfull_robin,
    Well I think criminals are made because a baby can't talk and can't walk also there family member might of been a criminal or they joined a gang or their siblings (brother/sister) set a bad example and they got influenced by them and started to do crime.

    Reply to this comment
  • John-Ruskin-logo-250x250.jpg outgoing_idea | John Ruskin
    21 Jan 2019

    I think that criminals are made because a newborn babies can't go out on the streets and start violence. They are influenced by their family members who have maybe committed a crime or have been a part of the a gang wanting to commit crime which might make the person want to do it. Unfortunately, this often happens where there is lack of money.

    Reply to this comment
  • John-Ruskin-logo-250x250.jpg sensible_football | John Ruskin
    22 Jan 2019

    I think they are born as a criminal because little things can change your life. Also I think this because you can see by there personality

    Reply to this comment
    1. Tiff-Avatar.jpg Tiff @ the BNC
      sensible_football's comment 23 Jan 2019

      You seem to have a contradiction here. If little things can change your life, doesn't this mean you can change because of these things?

      Reply to this comment
  • The-Ruth-Gorse-logo-250x250.jpg humorous_solution | The Ruth Gorse Academy
    22 Jan 2019

    I think criminals are made because their actions are based on influence and if they are exposed to a lot of violence or knife crime, it could encourage them to do it too.

    Reply to this comment
  • John-Ruskin-logo-250x250.jpg faithful_pineapple | John Ruskin
    24 Jan 2019

    I think criminals are made because when they are born they can’t just start stealing because they can’t walk yet. So they are made because they might have threatened or disciplined by friends to do it.

    Reply to this comment
  • Streatham-Wells-logo-250x250.jpg fair_seal | Streatham Wells Primary School A
    24 Jan 2019

    Great info about parents with criminal records: "Adoptive parents-24.3% and biological parents- 14.7%" I found this very interesting and will use this info in class.

    Reply to this comment
  • Phoenix-logo-250x250.jpg centered_location | Phoenix Primary School
    25 Jan 2019

    I think criminals are made because when you are born you do not know the difference between right and wrong

    Reply to this comment
  • Phoenix-logo-250x250.jpg quick_weasel | Phoenix Primary School
    25 Jan 2019

    They are made because when people are born,they are not automatically evil,horrible or bad

    Reply to this comment
    1. balloon.png benjaminmcdonald@economist.com | None
      quick_weasel's comment 25 Jan 2019

      Are all criminals bad or horrible?

      Reply to this comment
      1. Phoenix-logo-250x250.jpg quick_weasel | Phoenix Primary School
        Ben @ the BNC's comment 25 Jan 2019

        Not all criminals because if they get sent to jail and they are released, they might want to change their ways.

        Reply to this comment
  • Millbank-logo-250x250.jpg mirthful_tennis | Millbank Academy A
    26 Jan 2019

    I think criminals are made because they choose to go on the right path or wrong path and they could get influenced
    and if they see the news all the time the crime that they show and get influenced in that way so they are made most of the time because they are influenced.

    Reply to this comment
  • Highdown-logo-250x250.jpg tough_twilight | Highdown School
    27 Jan 2019

    I think criminals are made because even if you were born into a criminal family, it is your decision about your actions.

    Reply to this comment
    1. Highdown-logo-250x250.jpg loving_quince | Highdown School
      tough_twilight's comment 28 Jan 2019

      I agree because a 2 year old wouldn't start murdering adults or dealing drugs

      Reply to this comment
  • Highdown-logo-250x250.jpg loving_quince | Highdown School
    27 Jan 2019

    I think that most criminals are bad and horrible. They are bad because say there is a criminal who deals drugs to people pretending that it’s something like lemonade or orange. They are definitely being horrid and bad because they are a threat to the public and also doing something very illegal. It’s the same with a mass murderer- they are killing innocent people but it also backfires on them because they will definitely get a life sentence. This means that they are definitely being bad AND horrible.

    Reply to this comment
  • Bruche-logo-250x250.jpg amusing_swan | Bruche Primary School
    29 Jan 2019

    I think they can be born or made , because they can be born into the this group of it by having the idea of crime and think it’s funny to see people suffer death before them. Aouthough this is a reason about they can be born there are many more reasons the be made by the environment around us and can be influenced from a young age growing up around bad people can also make people think it is the right thing to do. Crime can also be cursed by anger and pain that some people have experienced in the past or have been bullied at any school. Some people do it because of losses that have felt like they have been stabbed in the heart, so they could of began to take drugs and alcohol. Mostly the age that people comit crime is usually in late teens (about 15-25,a young age).

    Reply to this comment
  • Tiff-Avatar.jpg Tiff @ the BNC
    29 Jan 2019

    A lot of you are focusing on very serious and unusual crimes. It is tempting to often look to the most extreme examples, but when thinking about 'criminals' you should consider the range of crimes.

    For example, speeding in a car, committing fraud, computer hacking, not paying taxes etc. These are all crimes as well. Does considering other crimes change what you think about if criminals are born or made?

    Reply to this comment
    1. Ormiston-Park-logo-250x250.jpg powerful_robin | Ormiston Park Academy
      Tiff @ the BNC's comment 13 Feb 2019

      As you have said, we tend to look at the serious crimes, (E.g. murder, theft etc.) However, in some cases, we do not look at the other side of the story. There are various crimes that are not called extreme crimes but are still crimes. If we consider the other crimes, (Such as speeding,) then perhaps our point of view would change. Many people believe that, we make mistakes and sometimes we do not think about the consequences but regret it after. Furthermore, if someone commits a less-serious crime, would our opinion of whether criminals are born or made change? The answer is perhaps. I have read through some of the comments and they all make fantastic points, however a couple of the comments suggest that criminals cannot be made as an infant could not commit a crime, (but due to a bad upbringing, they could absorb criminal behaviour from their carer.) Perhaps, some criminals are not born or made, some criminals make a mistake which then may put them in a category. In this case, if someone did not pay their taxes then that would that make them a criminal? Or would we not say that they are a criminal, but something else? Many statistics show that, on average, a worker makes over one hundred and eighteen mistakes. Now, out of those 118, how many of them are life-changing? Possibly, three or four. So therefore, in court cases, we must take contemplate whether it was a mistake or if they meant it deliberately.

      Reply to this comment

You must be logged in to post a comment