1968 Olympics Black Power Salute
The 1968 Olympics Black Power Salute was performed at the 200m sprinting medal ceremony by Tommie Smith and John Carlos on October 16th 1968. After they won gold and bronze respectively, as the ‘Star Spangled Banner’ was playing, they each raised a black-gloved fist, and kept it raised until the anthem was over. Carlos wore a necklace of beads to represent those who were lynched or killed.
After, it was ordered that the two men be removed from the U.S team, when the U.S Olympic Committee refused, they threatened to suspend the entire track team. Avery Brundage is known as a Nazi sympathiser, as he allowed Nazi salutes in the 1936 Berlin Olympics.
Later, many films and tributes were made, and the salute is still remembered.
1984 Olympic Boycott
The 1984 Olympic boycott in Los Angeles followed four years after the Olympic boycott in Moscow. It involved 14 Eastern countries, lead by the Soviet Union. The boycotting countries organized another event, called the Friendship Games. 140 countries still took part in the Games, which was a record at the time.
The Soviet Union originally and allegedly decided not to participate in the games due to commercialization of the games, which goes against the code of the IOC and the Olympic movement.
Three other countries boycotted the games, but were not part of the Soviet Union led boycott. Ten other socialist countries did not join the boycott, instead continuing to send teams to the Games.